The Engineering is Everywhere STEM Workshop blends science and engineering practices with hands-on inquiry, cutting-edge technology and 21st century materials. Grounded in Colorado Content Standards for the 4th-8th grade and the Next Generation Science Standards, this workshop uses the engineering design process as an integrating theme for STEM learning in earth, life and physical science in three engaging modules:

Photo-Origami: Energy, Design and Change
Bioengineering and Biodesign
Exploring 21st Century Materials 

Workshop Introduction

What is Engineering? (University of Newcastle)

Colorado Science Content Standards Addressed:

Standard 1: Physical Science
Observe, explain, and predict natural phenomena governed by Newton’s laws of motion, acknowledging the limitations of their application to very small or very fast objects

Grade 8-Concept 1: Identify and calculate the direction and magnitude of forces that act on an object, and explain the results in the object’s change of motion

Apply an understanding of atomic and molecular structure to explain the properties of matter, and predict outcomes of chemical and nuclear reaction

Grade 6-Concept 2: Atoms may stick together in well-defined molecules or be packed together in large arrays. Different arrangements of atoms into groups compose all substances

Apply an understanding that energy exists in various forms, and its transformation and conservation occur in processes that are predictable and measurable

Grade 4-Concept 1: Energy comes in many forms such as light, heat, sound, magnetic, chemical, and electrical
Grade 8-Concept 2: There are different forms of energy, and those forms of energy can be changed from one form to another – but total energy is conserved

Standard 2: Life Science:
Explain how biological evolution accounts for the unity and diversity of living organisms

Grade 7-Concept 1: Individual organisms with certain traits are more likely than others to survive and have offspring in a specific environment

Explain and illustrate how living systems interact with the biotic and abiotic environment

Grade 4-Concept 3: There is interaction and interdependence between and among living and nonliving components of ecosystems
Grade 6-Concept 1: Changes in environmental conditions can affect the survival of individual organisms, populations, and entire species

Analyze the relationship between structure and function in living systems at a variety of organizational levels, and recognize living systems’ dependence on natural selection

Grade 7-Concept 2: The human body is composed of atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems that have specific functions and interactions
Grade 7-Concept 3: Cells are the smallest unit of life that can function independently and perform all the necessary functions of life
Grade 5-Concept 2: Human body systems have basic structures, functions, and needs

Analyze how various organisms grow, develop, and differentiate during their lifetimes based on an interplay between genetics and their environment

Grade 8-Concept 2: Organisms reproduce and transmit genetic information (genes) to offspring, which influences individuals’ traits in the next generation
Grade 5-Concept 1: All organisms have structures and systems with separate functions

Standard 3: Earth Systems Science:
Describe how humans are dependent on resources provided by the Earth and Sun

Grade 5-Concept 1: Earth and Sun provide a diversity of renewable and nonrenewable
resources
Grade 6-Concept 3: Earth’s natural resources provide the foundation for human society’s
physical needs.

Next Generation Science Standards Content and Practices Addressed:

Practices for the K-12 Classroom:
1.    Asking questions and defining problems
2.    Developing and using models
3.    Planning and carrying out investigations
4.    Analyzing and interpreting data
5.    Using mathematics and computational thinking
6.    Constructing explanations and designing solutions
7.    Engaging in argument from evidence
8.    Obtaining, evaluating & communicating information       

Crosscutting Concepts:
1. Patterns
2. Cause and effect
3. Scale, proportion, and quantity
4. Systems and system models
5. Energy and matter
6. Structure and function
7. Stability and change                                                                 

Content: Disciplinary Core Ideas

Physical Science Core Ideas:
Core Idea PS1: Matter and Its Interactions
PS1A: Structure and Properties of Matter                                    

Core Idea PS2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
PS2.B: Types of Interactions

Core Idea PS3: Energy

PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces

Core Idea PS4: Waves and Their Applications in Technologies
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation                                    

Life Science Core ideas:
Core Idea LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
LS1.A: Structure and Function
LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow

Core Idea LS3: Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits
LS3.A: Inheritance of Traits

Earth Science Core Ideas
Core Idea ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
ESS3.A: Natural Resources

Engineering, Technology and Applications of Science Core Ideas
Core Idea ETS1: Engineering Design
ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting an Engineering Problem
ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions
ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution

Core Idea ETS2: Links Among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society
ETS2.A: Interdependence of Science, Eng. and Tech.